Cognitive Skills

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Making that connection is the clue to success in this age success

Cognitive skills are mental capacities a student needs to learn academic subjects successfully. A child with better cognitive skills can effectively easily read, think, prioritise, understand, plan, remember, and solve problems. These skills are nothing but effective tools for learning. These skills help the child to process the incoming information, attend and retain thee information, process, analyse, store facts and feelings, create mental pictures, read words and understand concepts.

But what are cognitive skills in real time?

Skills cannot be separated into water-tight compartments as more than one skill is required to process the information and there is overlapping of skills during a task. But it helps to know them broadly as the differentiation will help in reading the strengths and weaknesses of the child in those particular skills. They can be broadly classified as:

1) Attention
2) Working memory
3) Processing speed
4) Long-term memory
5) Visual processing
6) Auditory processing
7) Logic and Reasoning.

Logic and reasoning skills are the abilities to reason, prioritise and plan. If this is not on par, the student could find difficulty in problem solving, comprehension and mathematics.

How does the child think and learn?

There is Active thinking for simple analogies and Higher thinking for bringing out the output after some reasoning and logic.

When a child is asked a question about the name of his country, an input is given to the brain in the form of attention and is referred to the Knowledge Bank in the form of working memory. Since the processing does not take much time as the answer in the active memory.

There is another situation wherein a question like the capital of Australia spelled backwards is put to a middle school student; he would hear the question and the input is referred to higher thinking skills and a lot of visual processing and auditory processing is done even as logic and reasoning are called into play to visualise the answer and then spell it backwards.

Cognitive Processing

Successful learning requires coordination and cooperation between Active Processing and Higher Thinking cognitive skills. Here's how weakness in any of these mental skills might affect the child's performance:

If Attention is weak, he may never hear the request. If Short-Term Memory is weak the child would forget the request before responding and would want the question to be repeated. If Processing Speed is slow the request may have seemed too complex, requiring the need to have it repeated. If Logic and Reasoning is weak he may fail to come up with a solution.

If Auditory Processing is weak he may have been unable to unglue sounds. If Long-Term Memory is weak he may have been unable to remember letters that represent the sounds. If Visual Processing is weak he may have been unable to create a picture of the word in his head.

Homoeopathic medicine has remedies which can affect various symptoms in the body that will indirectly have a positive impact on the improvement of cognitive abilities. There are certain remedies like Nux moschata, Opm; etc., which are known to elevate one's mood, increase alertness, improve concentration etc. For a tired child, remedies like Alfalfa and Ac. Phos are known to improve healing and rejuvenation. Brahmi, Natrum mur are a couple of remedies that enhance alertness, memory and creativity. Emotional children are soothed to calmness by remedies like Belladonna and Hyoscyamus.

92463 72625


I suffer from itching, irritation of the skin with dry spots and skin peeling off of the surface of skin on scalp, elbows, back, knee joints and sometimes even in the groins. Even in summer the symptoms are the same. Can Homoeopathy help?


P soriasis is a condition in which there is dryness and exfoliation of the skin as the cells seem to shed off early; all because of the tendency to have this problem as it is inherited. Homoeopathic medicine has good remedies to see that the situation becomes inactive and over a period of time all the symptoms should come down. Consult a homoeopath.

Pain in the lower limbs

I am 50-year-old suffering with pain in the lungs even after walking a small distance also associated with numbness too. I am a diabetic, hypertensive, hypothyroid on medication. When I underwent CT Scan, it showed calcification of the blood vessels of the lower limbs.


D iabetes can cause rapid degeneration of the lining o f the blood vessels which can cause deposition of lipids causing narrowing and the deficient supply causes pain and numbness of the lower limbs. Homoeopathic medicine has remedies like Baryta carb, Plumbum met etc. to prevent further deposition and degeneration and thereby relieving the symptoms too. Consult a homoeopath.

Dr.Venugopal Gouri
92463 72625 (mobile)